The work carried out by Dr. Dinesh Bhatia, Biomedical Engineering Department, North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Shillong and his collaborators from Adamas University, Kolkatta led by Prof. Moumita Mukherjee, Dean (R&D), and Dr. Swarnava Biswas, Neotia University, Kolkatta has been recognised and highlighted by World Health Organisation (WHO) website in their "Impactful Research Repository" on COVID-19. The work deploys the use of Internet of Things (IoT)-based infrastructure for early detection, identification and isolation of COVID-19 patients. The system is working on a cloud-based AI-enabled fast and low-cost solution to detect coronavirus infected patients based on Multiple Inference Hypothesis Inference Criterion is the first research that any research group has attempted to do so.
Artificial Intelligence-based system for COVID-19 detection
The originality is in a single point multi-hypothesis based on faster identification of COVID-19 from radiography pictures and other medical vital conditions, with severity score tag for early detection with accuracy scores of more than 90%. The Automated detection tool would provide a helpful second opinion to clinicians and assist them in the screening process more promptly and effectively. The research employs data science and machine learning approaches to analyse radiographic pictures to identify COVID-19.
As per Prof. Mukherjee, “The software employs Artificial Intelligence-based techniques for detecting COVID-19 on chest radiographs (X-rays and CT scans), with other medical vitals such as temperature, oxygen saturation, and even pathological data from blood examination such as leukocyte, lymphocyte and neutrophil count”.
As per Dr. Bhatia, with the support of the government and healthcare sector, additional data is being procured to further expand the study to avoid false negative results and identify asymptomatic patients. Since it is a faster and less expensive technique, it may be considered as a complimentary detection tool with presently available techniques.