Skip to content Skip to navigation

Consultation on Climate Change held

Ajita Tiwari,  Indian Network on Ethics and Climate Change

Several environmentally ‘unfriendly’ projects in Assam and other Northeast Indian States are being touted as sustainable, receiving funds under the United Nation’s Clean Development Mechanism, wreaking havoc to the ecosystem and the people in its vicinity.

A majority of such projects involve renewal energy projects like dams, solar energy projects and fugitive emission from fuel.  However, a large number of projects in Assam and North East have not yet been cleared by Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the 30-day window period provided by United Nations Executive Board can be used to register complaints and objections against the project, which can be scrapped if enough public complaints are registered against it.

In the Northeast Indian context about 13 large dams in Arunachal Pradesh alone have been registered or are in the last phase of validation through the CDM framework and in the Assam context The Desang Hydro project in Dibrugarh is also registered at the United Nations CDM Executive Board. These are expected to start any time soon and more so in the wake of the recent World Bank directive.

Ajita Tiwari, facilitator, Indian Network on Ethics and Climate Change ( INECC), while interacting  during a consultation on Climate Change, CDM, dams in North East in Guwahati on Wednesday, organised by Centre for Environment, Social and Policy Research (CESPR) said the CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) allows emission-reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2.

“These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. The CDM has two purposes: it should help industrialised countries to reduce the costs of greenhouse gas abatement and assist developing countries in achieving sustainable development. India is second only to China to host CDM projects,” she explained to the participants, which comprised members of student organisations, academicians, researchers and activists.

She pointed out that voices of the vulnerable often remain unheard, with big companies taking over lands and even threatening locals opposed to such projects.

Explaining about the consultation, convenor, CESPR, Sabita Devi said there is urgent need for public awareness on CDM and its implications on the developmental projects under construction here.

“This is a continuing process, one of the several consultations done in several parts of the state,” she said.

On the other hand, Myron Mendes, senior researcher at Laya, while pointing at some of the key issues related to the CDMs in the Indian context said that these projects have been cornered by giant corporations who skirt sustainable development objectives. Further, the process of stakeholders’ consultation has been heavily flawed, not to miss that the   ‘Designated national Authority’ (DNA), which is responsible for host country approval of such projects lacks a clear perspective on sustainable development.

More so, there is a lack of civil society engagement with the CDM process resulting in absence of a collective voice to critique and challenge the role of CDM projects in ensuring sustainable development in the Indian context.

According to Peter Bosshard, Policy Director, International Rivers, “With more than 150 dams proposed for construction and 11 projects in operation, Northeast India is one of the hotspots of global dam building. The biggest project under construction is the Lower Subansiri Dam on the border between the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Social movements have organized massive protests against the mega-project in the Himalayan foothills over several years. In a huge success, they have just managed to send the turbines for the project back to the sender.”

International Rivers in its report, Mountains of Concrete mentions that the proposed dams in India’s Northeast threaten fragile ecosystems that are rich in biodiversity, and indigenous communities that have protected these ecosystems for many generations. The dams will also have serious downstream impacts on the floodplains of the Brahmaputra in Assam and Bangladesh.

Left with little choice the Planning Commission consituted an Expert Committee headed by Thatte and M.S. Reddy after the Krishak Mukti Sangram Samity (KMSS), an organization representing farmers and other civil bodies intensified their pressure on the government mobilizing mass people with series of protests to stall the 2000 MW NHPC Hydel Power Project along Assam-Arunachal Pradesh.

In May 2013 Assam’s Power Minister Pradyut Bordoloi had urged the centre to consider the recommendations of the Thatte and Reddy Committee Report on the Lower Subansiri Hydro Power Project which opines that the present hydel project on Subansiri contravenes the basic premise of the Brahmaputra Board Act with regard to flood control, irrigation and other benefits. The Minister however assured that the constructions which are on halt for the last six month will begin soon after taking into consideration all the recomendations and corrective measures into account.

The Thatte and Reddy Expert Committee report expresses doubts on the safety designs and the aim of the proposed dam and recommends a review of the dam’s design features considering high levels of seismicity which cannot be brushed aside as inconspicous in an area that falls under Seismic Zone V and may suffer jolts of MSK XI or greater.

The states of Kashmir, the Western and Central Himalayas, the Northeast Indian Region and the Rann of Kutch falls in the Very High Damage Risk Zone (V).

Author info

Syed Miraz Ahmed's picture

Writes, edits and researches. In 2013 he was conferred the Rotary International District 3240 Young Achiever Award for his work in the area of environment and digital journalism. In 2006 he was awarded first in the category of Wildlife Photography by the Department of Environment & Forests and Tourism, Government of Assam.

Add new comment

Random Stories

Digital photography training workshop at Golaghat

24 Feb 2012 - 1:45pm | Ritupallab Saikia
The Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE) in association with UB Photos Institute of Photography, a wing of UB Photos, the premier Photo News Agency of Northeast India, has organised a 150 hours...

ULFAman killed in Tinsukia encounter

5 Jan 2013 - 11:42pm | editor
ULFA seems to have stepped up its activities in the run up to the Republic Day. A hardcore ULFA militant was killed in an encounter with security forces in Assam's Tinsukia district. Acting on a tip-...

Maram FC of Tura lifts Independence Day Trophy

27 Aug 2012 - 5:45pm | Hamidul Gani
With two Nigerian players, Maram FC, Tura of Meghalaya lifted the Independence Day Trophy defeating Dudhnoi Chenimari Footbal Club by 3-1 in the final of the Golden Jubilee year of prestigeous 50th...

Gogoi blames ULFA, reviews situation

15 Jul 2015 - 8:38pm | AT News
Chief minister Tarun Gogoi reviewed the law and order situation at a meeting in Dispur a day after ULFA shot dead a trader and his daughter in Tinsukia district.The authorities have already deployed...

Other Contents by Author

The U.S. Consulate General, Kolkata in collaboration with social enterprise Contact Base, is launching a youth entrepreneurship initiative – Y4BIZ (Youth for Business) in four cities Guwahati, Patna, Ranchi and Kolkata. The program in Guwahati took place in association with the local organization, Startup Assam. The Y4BIZ program aims to support a promising group of 50 young entrepreneurs, and transform their business ideas from the initial stage to a sustainable business model. The 50 entrepreneurs will be selected by a rigorous screening process after the launch events in all four cities. This will be followed by an online capacity building and mentoring program run by the IC2...
The People’s Democratic Council of Karbi-longri (PDCK) Thursday rubbished what it term ed as a “strange” news report aired by News 18 on November 7, 2017 with graphics of photographs and videos on the basis of a police claim. “The news report emphatically asserted that our Home Secretary, Mir-ang Sir-ang was and is directly involved in cases of poaching rhinos in the Kaziranga National Park. The allegation made by the greedy Assam Police personnel and corrupt forest department officials against PDCK and its Home Secretary for killing rhinos is baseless and fabricated. It is an insinuation of the worst kind manufactured out of thin air in order to tarnish the image of this promising...
Investigators from the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) returned to India this week to continue the search for remains of U.S. personnel missing since World War II.  Last year, DPAA deployed a team to northeast India for 30 days in search of remains for unaccounted-for U.S. airmen, and this is their fifth mission to India since 2013. There are approximately 400 U.S. airmen missing in India, most of whose remains are believed to be located in the Himalayan Mountains in northeast India.  During World War II, the United States provided supplies to the Chinese Army by flying over the Himalayas, a route known as “The Hump.”  Many of these aircraft went missing and were...
The People's Democratic Council of Karbi-longri (PDCK) an affiliate of the United National Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFWSEA) Sunday condemned the atrocities committed by what it terms ‘Indian occupation forces’ upon two arrested persons, namely Rau Engleng and Longsing Teron.  “They used electric shocks and beating as a method of torture to extract information and forced them to confess. These practices are gross violations of Article 3 common to the Geneva Convention,” said the outfit.  Stating statutes, PDCK said that occupation forces should recognize the International Humanitarian Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, which protect persons as a target for...
One Planet Academy, a digital portal was launched ​in Guwahati on Wednesday as a part of WWF-India’s initiative in partnership with Capgemini to create awareness ​in the area of environment and ​ ​ educate students and citizens through an interactive ​ interface​. Leveraging the affinity of today’s learners towards technology, the website focuses on various environmental themes and is a digital hub for schools, teachers and students that brings under its ambit a digital training and resource centre. One Planet Academy is the first of its kind digital hub for environment education for schools, teachers, students and citizens. The OPA is designed to be a one stop destination for engaging not...
The Assam Pradesh Congress Committee, Sunday filed an FIR at Bhangagarh Police Station, Guwahati, seeking immediate arrest and prosecution under the Criminal Procedure Code following remarks made by Jorhat Lok Sabha Constituency MP, Kamakhya Prasad Tassa on Saturday in a meeting held at Sonari in Charaideu District. Tassa described Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi as 'garbage' in the presence of Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal. 
The final round of the 10th International Edition of the Wild Wisdom Quiz, organised by WWF-India and Discovery Kids in association with Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), was held at WWF-India, New Delhi on October 6, 2017.The event saw participation from 28 city level winners across the country and 2 winners from Nepal.Wild Wisdom Quiz has grown in strength over the last decade and has reached beyond the country, with Nepal running its first edition of the quiz in 2017. In India, the Wild Wisdom Quiz is being run across 817 schools in 14 cities with participation from approximately 50,000 students. Run in the format of a competition, the quiz is a fun way to help children learn...
Organized by Abiogenesis Society with sponsorship from North East Council, Ministry of DoNER, Shillong; Artist Aloud as Digital Promotion Partner, Asian News International (ANI) for international news coverage and Doordarshan Kohima Kendra for live telecast, the festival aims to showcase music made by indigenous social groups of the region.The main event on October 7, will see a very strong line up at IMC Hall, Dimapur from 5:30 pm featuring eight renowned artistes and bands.They are: Summersalt – a folk fusion band from Meghalaya who has been featured in the Bollywood film Rock On 2, Jambili – a folk fusion band from Assam, Imphal Talkies – a six member folk rock band from...
​​A land without ruins is a land without memories – a land without memories is a land without history: so wrote Reverend Abram Joseph Ryan, an American poet, popularly known as the Poet – Priest of the South and also as the Poet-Laureate of the Confederacy. Ruins are not alone physical remains of a building or a structure, but embodiment of memories. The past is deeply entrenched in them. Even in a stage of dilapidation, besides the stories of glory and loss, they also weave narratives of a sense of being part of that past which stand right there to be touched and felt. The historical monuments of the pre-colonial Dimasa state today lie in a state of ruins across vast geographical areas...
The proscribed United Liberation Front of Asom [ULFA-Independent] expresses delight in the arrival of the under seventeen Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup soccer matches in homeland Assam. “I, on behalf of my organisation, thank FIFA for bringing International Football to this remote part of the world and a warm welcome to the FIFA officials and players of different nations to Assam,” states Abhizeet Asom, the elusive Chairman of the outfit.He believes that the people of Assam will immensely benefit by the experience, learning about international standards in football by witnessing the ways and manners of the teenage players from different countries and...