In the year 2011-12, 71 maternal deaths were reported in Nagaon district. As per Annual Health Survey 2010-11, the MMR (maternal mortality ratio) is 367 per 1,00,000 live births as compared to 440 of the RRC-NE, 2009 survey. The reduction in maternal death in Nagaon is possible because of many initiatives of NRHM. Deployment of Skilled Birth Attendance trained GNM/ANM, EmoC trained Doctor, launching of 108 Services, Mamoni, JSSK and Adaroni Scheme are few of them. Particularly it is possible for increase in Antenatal care (ANC) of pregnant women. In the year 2010-11 ANC figures were only 45637 and gradually in the year 2011-12 it has gone up to 48454 .The Govt. of Assam has put extra efforts to develop healthcare infrastructure and bridge the geographical access gap by construction of new health facilities and upgradation of PHCs to 24x7 PHCs.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "A maternal death is defined as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes” .
For reducing maternal death the main goal of NRHM, department is popularizing Janani -Suraksha –Yojana (JSY) Scheme among the women through various mass media tool like street play, handbill, miking, etc since inception of the mission. As a result the Institutional deliveries in Nagaon district has also increases tremendously. In the year 2010-11 total 39336 nos of women delivered their baby in the government hospital and in the year 2011-12 the figure gone up to 44490. It is noticed that JSY has expedited the institutional delivery rate in the district and by brining expected mothers to health institutions.
As of now, nagaon has 6 First Referral Units (FRU), 1 District Hospital, 5 Community Health Centre’s (CHC), 32 MPHCs, 23 State Dispensary (SD), 5 Subsidiary Health Centre’s (SHC) and 361 Sub Centers (SC) , 1901 ASHA and 196 ASHA Supervisors, which can made a tremendous impact in increasing institutional delivery.
Maruf Alom, Nagaon