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Hills Scholar Exposes Indo-Nepal Human Trafficking

  • Cross Border Human Trafficking is by Dr Romana Lepcha
    Cross Border Human Trafficking is by Dr Romana Lepcha

Darjeeling — "Human trafficking is one of the biggest criminal enterprises in the world along with drugs and arms trade," says a scholar from Darjeeling. 

The International Labour Organization’s recent report identifies three kinds of human trafficking, including forced labour, forced sexual exploitation, and state imposed forced labour.  

The report further explains, "Human trafficking involves the exploitation of a person typically through force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of forced labour, involuntary servitude or commercial sex.” 

“Human trafficking can take a number of forms,” says the author.  

“Desperate people might go into debt to smugglers who place them in jobs. Their only option is to work off that debt on terms dictated by their employer. They might be sold by their parents and have no money to get back home. Or they might be tricked into prostitution and find themselves living in the shadows of an illicit enterprise,” states the author. 

The 252 page New Delhi based Mittal Publication book Cross Border Human Trafficking is by Dr Romana Lepcha, Head of the Department of Political Science at Salesian College Sonada, Darjeeling. 

The author tries to explore major socio-legal aspects of human trafficking in India and Nepal. She also critically examines the nature and role of existing (outdated) laws of both the countries and looks into the reasons behind the failure of legal institutions and mechanisms to prevent human trafficking in the region. 

The author does not hesitate to point out the problems which are hindering the implementation of the existing laws against human trafficking, at the same time suggests some new measures to strengthen legal frameworks and institutions to address trafficking between source country Nepal and transit and destination region India. The author insists that both countries should implement international laws related to human trafficking, especially The UN Trafficking Protocol, in its legislation.

The book has four core chapters besides introduction and conclusion. 

The introductory chapter gives a brief overview of legal framework along wth trends and patterns of human trafficking in India and neighbouring Nepal.

The second chapter discusses the concepts and definitions of human trafficking by analyzing important international existing legal regimes and institutions of human trafficking and its related crimes.

The third chapter presents the overview of important laws, acts and legal regimes and institutions and its impact to control human trafficking in the region.

The fourth chapter provides critical examination of the legal issues of human trafficking between the countries by finding various gaps and limitations of existing laws and legal framework.

The fifth chapter focuses on the issues of restructuring institutions and reforming legal frameworks of both India and Nepal that deals with human trafficking and other related crimes.

In the concluding section, the author laments the fact that the region still does not comply with international standards of protocol and legislation in preventing human trafficking.

The author also provides some 30 page appendix on Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (2000), and 22 page Bibliography, and 10 pages of subject index.

Author info

CM Paul's picture

Former HoD, Dept of Mass Communications at Assam Don Bosco University, Guwahati, C.M. Paul was editor of The Herald weekly in Kolkata and director of Don Bosco International News Agency (ANS) based in Rome. He has MA degree in Journalism & Mass Communication from FORDHAM University, New York.

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An illustrated talk and seminar on Srimanta Sankaradeva at London‏

11 Jul 2012 - 5:10am | Rini Kakati

Sankaradeva inspired an artistic and cultural Renaissance in the state of Assam. As a religious leader and social reformer Sankaradeva deserve to be mentioned with Sankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Guru Nanak and Tulsi Das.

Assam is a part of India which in somewhere is little know even in India itself because of its remote location. More importantly the relative neglect absence of Sankaradeva in the history of the Neo-Vaishnavite movement in India, has long been a gap in knowledge waiting recognition.

It is highly imperative that this great saint receives world attention. And also imperative that the life and philosophy and artistic creations of Mahapurush Srimanta Sankaradeva and the exposure of the Assam's cultural tradition and heritage at the international level is the need of the hour.



Richard Blurton showing a power point presentation on "Vrindavani Vastra" kept at British Museum.

On Friday evening 29, June, 2012 - a seminar and illustrated talk on the vasihnavite faith and Sattriya culture of Srimanta Sankaradeva was held at Nehru Centre auditorium. The cultural and heritage building of Indian High Commission, Govt.of India.

The prominent speakers were Jitendra Kumar, First Secretary, Indian High Commission, Richard Blurton, Head of the South Asian Section in the Department of Asia, British Museum. Dr Nicholas Sutton, Director of the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, University of Oxford. Dr Audrey Cantlie, author of of the book "The Assamese" and Reader Emeritus in Anthropology at SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies). Sharodi Saikia, Director of Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra, Guwahati (The Premier Cultural Institution of Assam) & Renowned Sattriya dancer from Assam. Jayanta Pathak, the composer musician of "Dokho Avatar".

The initative has been taken by Rini Kakati, NRI Co-ordinator for UK . The dignitaries were felicitated with Assamese traditional way with phulam gamosha.

Jitendra Kumar, First Secretary, Indian High Commission, in his inaugurating speech said "the name Sankaradeva is the history of Assam and the pulse of the Assamese nation". And he is honoured for this invitation.



Dr Nicholas Sutton and Rini Kakati



Richard Blurton, Head of the South Asian Section in the Department of Asia, British Museum - spoke highly about Vrindavani Vastra - the wonderful creation of Sankaradeva which was kept at British Museum. He explained beautifully the image of Lord Krishna and Vrindavan at this figured silk material with a power point presentation.

Dr Nicholas Sutton, Director of the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, University of Oxford - exploring the interrelationships between the Hindu religion and vasihnavite faith. He gave an informative speech on "The Importance of Sankaradeva in the development of Hindu Religious Thought".



Sharodi Saikia giving a lecture demonstration through laptop on Sattras and Sattriya culture of Assam

Dr Audrey Cantlie, author of of the book "The Assamese" and Reader Emeritus in Anthropology at SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies) - She was was born in Shillong in 1923. Her father - Sir Keith Cantlie served as the Chief Secretary of Assam when Gopinath Bordoloi was the first Chief Minister of Assam. Remembering her time spent in Jorhat as a young wife of Thomas Hayley, who was then the Deputy Commissioner of Jorhat. She is quite familiar with the name of villages, namghar, bhaona, sutradhar, borgeet and Sankaradeva. She gave an emotional speech mentioning "Sankaradeva, the Father of the Assamese Nation".



From the left: Sharodi Saikia, Richard Blurton, Jayanta Pathak, Rini Kakati & Dr.Nicholas Sutton

Sharodi Saikia, Director of Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra, Guwahati (The Premier Cultural Institution of Assam) - Gave a lecture demonstration on Sattras and Sattriya culture of Assam. She is invited again to London in October for a solo performance of Sattriya dance in the ocassion of celebrating London 2012.

Jaynata Pathak, talked about the importance of 500 year old traditional melodies of Assam and his attempt to bring Borgeet to the global audience."Dokho Avatar" - CD album was released by Jitendra Kumar, First Secretary, Indian High Commission.

Through these documentations, the remarkable works of Srimanta Sankaradeva and the rich cultural heritage of the Sattras of Assam has been taken a positive step to get the attention of the outside world.

MLA faces CRPF assault

24 May 2013 - 8:42pm | AT News
CRPF jawans physically assaulted Congress MLA Rupjyoti Kurmi on Friday when he went to inquire about two tea planters who were kidnapped from Mariani. The inciden took place after Nagaland police handed over the duo to Assam counterpart.
Two tea garden labourers, Atul Kurmi and Ranjit Nayak, of Naginijan tea estate were kidnapped by miscreants from Nagaland on Thursday. Kurmi along with his supporters went on a rampage, damaging several vehicles and gheraoing the police station. But CRPF jawans beat up him along with his supporters.

Wild tusker found dead in Udalguri

15 Dec 2012 - 8:58pm | Jayanta Kumar Das

The carcass of a 80 years old wild tusker has been found at Phulungjhar Kolbari of Udalguri district near Indo-Bhutan border at 12.30 pm on December 14,taking death toll of wild elephants to 8 in 2012. The dead body bore no injury marks and eye witnesses say that the tusker was limping on its legs the previous day. Forest officials claimed to have rescued both the tusks. MP Sarma, ACF, Dhansiri Forest Division,who attended the post postmortem on December 15 told this correspondent that the tusker had been blind with right side eye and its right side hind leg was 35 CM shorter than other legs. According to him old age could have been a cause but did nor rule out poisoning. He said viscera of the carcass had been sent for forensic test.

Nature loving people,media fraternity and environmental NGOs of the district namely- Green Valley Forest and Wildlife Protection Society,Nonaipar and Green Society,Udalguri have expressed concern at regular deaths of wild elephants and human beings. So far nine people and eight wild elephants have lost lives in the district during 2012. Bankim Sarma, DFO, Dhansiri Forest Division, Udalguri told this correspondent that he had urgently placed the matter before Khampa Borgayari, Deputy Chief, BTC and Girish Chandra Basumatari, CCF, BTC for deployment of more forest staff in Udalguri district. According to him BTC authority had agreed to provide 5 KM long Solar fencing at vulnerable places to check man-elephant conflict.