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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Approved

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today has approved the ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’ - a path breaking scheme for farmers’ welfare. As per this scheme there will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%. The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to provide full insured amount to the farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.


 Moreover, there is no upper limit on Government subsidy. Even if balance premium is 90%, it will be borne by the Government. Mentionable that earlier, there was a provision of capping the premium rate which resulted in low claims being paid to farmers. This capping was done to limit Government outgo on the premium subsidy. This capping has now been removed and farmers will get claim against full sum insured without any reduction.


 The use of technology will be encouraged to a great extent. Smart phones will be used to capture and upload data of crop cutting to reduce the delays in claim payment to farmers. Remote sensing will be used to reduce the number of crop cutting experiments.


 


The new Crop Insurance Scheme is in line with One Nation – One Scheme theme.  It incorporates the best features of all previous schemes and at the same time, all previous shortcomings/weaknesses have been removed.



 


er Crop Insurance Scheme - Comparison

 
































































No


Feature


NAIS


 


[1999]


MNAIS


 


[2010]


PM Crop Insurance Scheme


1


Premium rate


Low


High


Lower than even NAIS


(Govt to contribute 5 times that of farmer)


2


One Season – One Premium


Yes


No


Yes


3


Insurance Amount cover


Full


Capped


Full


4


On Account Payment


No


Yes


Yes


5


Localised Risk coverage


No


Hail storm


Land slide


Hail storm


Land slide


Inundation


6


Post Harvest Losses coverage


No


Coastal areas - for cyclonic rain


All India – for cyclonic + unseasonal rain


7


Prevented Sowing coverage


No


Yes


Yes


8


Use of Technology


(for quicker settlement of claims)


No


Intended


Mandatory


9


Awareness


No


No


Yes (target to double coverage to 50%)

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