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Clean sweep for Congress!

A rare dose of good news awaits Assam Congress. Courtesy an opinion poll conducted hardly a month ahead of the Lok Sabha polls.

According to NDTV opinion polls, the ruling party is set to make a clean sweep in the upcoming Lok Sabha polls.

It predicts 13 seats for Congress and AIUDF while Bodoland Peoples’ Front is expected to retain the Kokrajhar seat.

According to the survey, AGP and BJP  are set to draw blank in the state. In the 2009 general election, the Congress had bagged seven of the 14 seats in Assam. The AIUDF had won one.

The opposition BJP had triumphed in four seats, while the Asom Gana Parishad, or the AGP, had to rest content with one. The Bodoland People's Front had retained its stronghold of Kokrajhar.  

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Conflict in BTAD, Issue of Influx and Land Alienation in Assam

9 Nov 2012 - 7:24pm | editor


"Conflict in BTAD, Issue of Influx and Land Alienation in Assam: Problems and Perspectives"


Date: November 8, 2012
Venue: Mavalanka Auditorium, Constitution Club, Rafi Marg, New Delhi.




Where is the end of the conflict?


Conflict is ever unwanted but inevitable in the society and its civilization as I understand. Conflict emanates certain course of development and entire world has the more or less similar history. And yet conflicts of certain areas require special focus and understanding in order to reduce the same. Government agencies, NGOs, Civil Society organizations and all others also have achieved very little in conflict resolution despite their honest efforts due to lack of proper understanding the problems and issues of North East India.


The recent conflict in Western Assam districts, especially in the Bodo and Muslim dominated areas of Assam taught many lessons to us how multidimensional and complex the problems can be. We have seen how dubious the behavior of the government can be in such a situation. Keeping in view of all these one can only exclaim about when will the conflict end in North East India and people will enjoy the fruits peace.



Conflict in Assam and North East: Most of the conflict in the North East Region of India is taking place because of right of control over Land, Resources and Identity issues. The Tribes big or small in number, does not matter, but there is a natural impulse for dignified living among them upholding their own distinct identity. There is nothing wrong in this, but in the complicated demographic pattern equal rights and privilege itself is a big concern. The tribes also overlap in their territorial claims. A tribe ruling a particular territory is being in ruled in another same contiguous region. The Tribal habitats are equally cohabitated by the sizeable numbers of non-tribal people also. In such a scenario very often rights of the non-tribal and tribal over land gets very complicated. The existing policies and laws relating to tribal land restrict the rights of the non-tribal. But there has been a continuous effort by the Government to interpose the rights of the non-tribal within the shrinking tribal territory. This is one of the major areas of contradiction which at times had led to physical conflict. Hence, an effective and comprehensive policy initiative is the need of the hour to permanently resolve this contradiction causing conflicts of different nature.



Issue of Influx:


This issue is not a mere problem but is a serious crisis of epidemic nature for the region of India. We are all aware about the state of Tripura where the indigenous population is being completely submerged by the people of neighboring Bangladesh. The similar problem is being faced by Assam and other states like Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland. Due to rapidly increasing population of immigrant population the pressure on land, water and forest has grown tremendously which are source of survival for the local indigenous population. The widening demographic imbalance between the locals and the immigrant population also has severe implication on the politics of the state.


The government despite owning moral responsibility of detecting and deporting the foreigners through Assam Accord of 1985 has miserably failed to do so. The successive government led by different political parties have kept the issues alive by raising them to garners votes but has never took holistic approach and initiative to resolve the problems permanently.



Tribal Land Issue:


Land is inalienable part of human being; in particular it is the source of life for Tribes. The majority of tribal’s have not learned any other way of livelihood except agriculture. The current development paradigm and initiatives have conveniently failed to reach out to the tribal world of this country. So it is important for us to agree to a principle that Land cannot be separated from Tribes and Bodos are no different.


The intense struggle of the tribes in the northeast is mainly for protection of their Land and Identity. I hope when policy makers of the nation will understand this situation than only the problems in the northeast India can be addressed effectively. If the government just continue to play the role of mere a donor than the problems in the region will remain as what it is today.


Hence, I would like to appeal the intellectuals, policy makers and leaders to devote adequate time and make genuine efforts to address the almost a century old problems. So far there are two separate regulations for administering the Tribal Land in the North East India. One being the Sixth Scheduled of Indian Constitution to administer the Land of Hill Tribes and another being Assam Land and Revenue Act of 1886 for regulating land inhabited by plains tribal of Assam. Except the Bodoland Territorial Council which has double edge sword due to having covered by both Sixth Scheduled and Assam Land and Revenue Regulation Act 1886. This particular Act has been amended sufficiently at various point of time from 1947 to1990. But ironically this Act which has the teeth to protect the tribal land from being encroached has been conveniently ignored and result today is Tribes gradually becoming minority in their own Land.



About the Recent Clash:


The causes of recent conflict that displaced more than 400,000 people and took 88 precious lives belonging to different communities like Bodos, Muslims, Rabhas, Garos, Bengali Hindus and so on still remains a mystery. Though different individuals and groups have their own versions of this conflict ranging from terming it as Bodos and Muslims, Indigenous versus Foreigners and forth. Some of our remotely located intellectuals termed it as ethnic cleansing drive by Bodos.


But the post conflict analyses by All Bodo Students Union points the reason towards the contradictory concerns by tribals and non-tribals. In one hand the Tribals are demanding protection of their land and identity on the other hand the non-tribals are demanding for curtailing tribal rights including scrapping the Accord of Bodoland Territorial Council. The non-tribals claims that the Tribes despite being minority are ruling the majority and on the other hand the tribes questions how they became minority in Tribal Belt and Blocks which is constitutionally being created for protecting the Tribal Land only in Tribal dominated areas. There begins the contradiction manifesting in many more such contradiction that probably must have led to the conflicts such as the recent one.



What can be Possible Way Forward:



-- The issue of illegal immigration should be considered as national issue and response should to this issue should also be taken as a nation.


-- Government should take immediate steps to resolve all impending political problems to ensure protection of land and other civil rights.


-- Government should effectively implement existing land law (Chapter X, Assam Land and Revenue Regulation Act 1886) for the protection of Tribal Belt and Blocks.


-- The process to update National Register of Citizens must be completed as early as possible.


-- The elements who promote hatreds must be identified and dealt with firmly.


-- An effective long term initiative must be taken for communal harmony in the region.


-- A separate commission should be established by the ministry of home affairs engaging to deal with NE Issues, the issues like Land, Influx, Extremism, Conflict etc.


-- A holistic approach should be adopted for sustainable development of Tribal inhabited areas of India.

‘God Particle’ Discovery Could Be Announced on July 4

2 Jul 2012 - 1:47am | Chandan Kumar Duarah

CERN will give update very soon on search for ‘God particle’. The elusive particle which is the theoretical missing link in the standard model of physics believed to be what gives objects mass. The European Organisation for Nuclear Research said few days ago it may announce on 4 July whether tests with its atom- smasher have found the elusive particle. The theory behind so called God particle is that mass does not derive from particles but less, if it all, with others. Researchers at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) are using their Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's biggest particle accelerator, to try to prove that the mystery particle really exists. It fires streams of protons in opposite, but parallel, directions in the tunnel. The beams are then bent by powerful magnets so that some of the protons collide in four giant labs, which are lined with detectors to record the sub-atomic debris that results.


CERN will hold a scientific seminar 4 July to deliver the latest update in the search for the Higgs boson. At this seminar, coming on the eve of this year’s major particle physics conference (ICHEP), in Melbourne, the ATLAS and CMS (two of four detectors in LHC) experiments will deliver the preliminary results of their 2012 data analysis. There has been widespread speculation that a major announcement on the Higgs, based on careful analysis of the most interesting of over 300 trillion proton collisions in the LHC so far this year, may be made at that gathering. The Higgs boson is predicted member of a class of subatomic particles named after British physicist Peter Higgs and Indian physicist S N Bose as a mechanism to explain the origin of mass. It also remains the last missing nugget of the Standard Model, a theory of physics that explains the behaviour of all subatomic particles observed so far and all forces in nature except gravity.


Last year when it was supposed to reveal the achievement some scientists said that their data were not strong enough for any conclusion. Now it is almost confirmed this major announcement on the Higgs, based on careful analysis of the most interesting of over 300 trillion proton collisions in the LHC so far this year, may be made at that gathering. Though there was no confirmation from CERN itself it is assumed that the organisation close to formally announcing it has discovered the particle and its linked energy field, thought to have given mass to matter and shape to the universe 13.7 billion years ago.


CERN spokesman James Gillies says the centre would want to make any important announcement, once there was something to say, in Geneva. "As for what ATLAS and CMS may or may not have in the 2012 data, that's only known to a few people in each experiment right now," he added. Researchers on the collider's separate ATLAS and CMS have been "blinded" - or cut off from findings from the rival team and even from different groups inside their own.


It is intriguing that both CMS and ATLAS are seeing a signal at nearby the same mass level. The latest result from the CMS group exclude with95 per cent confidence the existence of Higgs boson over a wide 1 GeV is nearly the mass of hydrogen atom. The Higgs boson has only a fleeting existence and is predicted to decay through multiple channel that create to decay through multiple channel that create other subatomic or fundamental particles. Physicists at CERN are hoping to catch a glimpse of the boson by spotting events or snapshots of its decay channel products. It is supposed that if the Higgs boson exists it is somewhere between 115 GeV and 127 GeV. The signals that CMS and ATLAS teams have seen are akin to tantalizing snapshots of something that looks like a chameleon in a forest. Researchers have been continuing refine their analysis for months to resolve the uncertainty.


A scientist in CERN said that they need to see what they have seen many more times before they can be sure of what they are really observing. But despite the similarities in the observations by CMS and ATLAS, there are also some differences in the results that needed to be solved. Unaccounted background may also explain the signals observed said an Indian scientist associated with CMS.


The ATLAS group has observed events that look like a Higgs boson with a mass of 112 GeV independently decaying into a pair of photons and four laptons and the analysis suggests that there is one percent chance by background. So far the information are disclosed, this is interesting but not enough to claim a discovery. For conclusive determination more data needed to show that the probability that the observed signal is due to background is 3 in 10 million. So no doubt new findings will bring a breakthrough.

Crack in AGP, new faction floats

28 Nov 2017 - 7:52am | AT News

DIBRUGARH: In a major setback for regionalism in Assam's political landscape, the Asom Gana Parishad is splitting with a group of the regional party leaders and workers floating a new faction.

A huge gathering in Dibrugarh stood united in Dibrugarh on Monday with a vow to prop up regionalism without any deal with the national party.

Speakers after speakers in thr open meeting came down heavily on the Asom Gana Parishad leadership accusing them of destroying the regionalism only for personal aggrandisement.

Dr Dinesh Baishya, the chief guest urged the breakaway faction of the regional party to concentrate only for the region--it's people and resources. He said regionalism only will help Assam develop on all fronts.

Christened as Anchalik Asom Gana Parishad(AAGP), the newly floated party will contest in the upcoming panchayat and next Lok Sabha polls.